3 Solutions to Puzzle of the Week #20

Puzzle of the Week #20:

Produce the historical highest/lowest salary report that should comply with the following requirements:

  • Use Single SELECT statement only
  • Only employees who was paid the highest or lowest salary in their respective department at the moment of hiring should be selected
  • Show name, date of hire, department number, job title, salary table (emp) columns and two additional calculated columns/flags: min_flag and max_flag to indicate that the employee was hired with the min/max salary in their respective department as of the time of hiring.
  • If two or more employees in the same department are paid the same max/min salary, only the one who was hired first should be picked for the report.
  • The query should work in Oracle 11g.

Expected Result:

POW20ER

#1. Using Common Table Expression (CTE) or Recursive WITH clause

WITH y AS (
SELECT ename, job, deptno, hiredate, sal, 
       ROW_NUMBER()OVER(PARTITION BY deptno ORDER BY hiredate) rn
FROM emp
), x (ename, job, deptno, hiredate, sal, min_sal, max_sal, min_flag, max_flag, rn) AS (
SELECT ename, job, deptno, hiredate, sal, sal, sal, 1, 1, 1
FROM y
WHERE rn=1
UNION ALL
SELECT y.ename, y.job, y.deptno, y.hiredate, y.sal, 
       LEAST(x.min_sal, y.sal), GREATEST(x.max_sal, y.sal),
       CASE WHEN y.sal<x.min_sal THEN 1 END, 
       CASE WHEN y.sal>x.max_sal THEN 1 END, y.rn
FROM y JOIN x ON y.deptno=x.deptno AND y.rn=x.rn+1
)
SELECT ename, job, deptno, hiredate, sal, min_flag, max_flag
FROM x
WHERE 1 IN (min_flag, max_flag)
ORDER BY deptno, hiredate;

#2. Using Cumulative Analytic Functions MIN, MAX, and ROW_NUMBER

WITH x AS (
SELECT ename, job, deptno, hiredate, sal,
       MIN(sal)OVER(PARTITION BY deptno ORDER BY hiredate) min_sal,
       MAX(sal)OVER(PARTITION BY deptno ORDER BY hiredate) max_sal,
       ROW_NUMBER()OVER(PARTITION BY deptno, sal ORDER BY hiredate) rn
FROM emp
)
SELECT ename, job, deptno, hiredate, sal,
       DECODE(sal, min_sal, 1) min_flag,
       DECODE(sal, max_sal, 1) max_flag
FROM x
WHERE sal IN (min_sal, max_sal)
  AND rn=1;

#3. Using Cumulative Analytic Functions MIN, MAX, and COUNT

WITH x AS (
SELECT ename, job, deptno, hiredate, sal,
       CASE WHEN MIN(sal)OVER(PARTITION BY deptno ORDER BY hiredate)=sal
             AND COUNT(*)OVER(PARTITION BY deptno, sal ORDER BY hiredate)=1 THEN 1 
       END min_flag,
       CASE WHEN MAX(sal)OVER(PARTITION BY deptno ORDER BY hiredate)=sal
             AND COUNT(*)OVER(PARTITION BY deptno, sal ORDER BY hiredate)=1 THEN 1 
       END max_flag
FROM emp
)
SELECT *
FROM x
WHERE 1 IN (min_flag, max_flag);

My Oracle Group on Facebook:

If you like this post, you may want to join my new Oracle group on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/groups/sqlpatterns/

Would you like to read about many more tricks and puzzles?

For more tricks and cool techniques check my book “Oracle SQL Tricks and Workarounds” for instructions.

 

 

 

Advertisements