3 Solutions to 2018 Oracle SQL Puzzle of the Week #14

Yet Another Top Employee Puzzle

Find the employee who remained the top paid employee (excluding the president) the longest period of time between 1980 and 1981

  • Use a single SELECT statement only.
  • President should be excluded from the analysis.
  • Show the number of days the employee remained the top paid person as well as Start Date (hiredate) and End Date (the date when another top employee started)
  • The End Date for the last top paid employee in the interval should be 31-DEC-1981.

Expected Result:

EMPNO ENAME JOB SAL Start Date End Date Days on Top
7566 JONES MANAGER 2975 02-APR-81 03-DEC-81 245

Solutions:

Solution #1. Using RANK to filter the top employee:

WITH x AS ( 
SELECT empno, ename, job, sal, hiredate, 
       MAX(sal)OVER(ORDER BY hiredate) max_sal 
FROM scott.emp  
WHERE job!='PRESIDENT' 
), y AS ( 
SELECT empno, ename, job, sal, hiredate start_date, max_sal,  
       LEAD(hiredate) OVER(ORDER BY hiredate) end_date 
FROM x 
WHERE sal=max_sal 
), z AS ( 
SELECT y.*, LEAST(end_date, date'1981-12-31')-start_date days_on_top, 
RANK()OVER(ORDER BY LEAST(end_date, date'1981-12-31')-start_date DESC) rk 
FROM y 
WHERE EXTRACT(YEAR FROM start_date) IN (1980, 1981)  
) 
SELECT empno,ename,job,sal, start_date "Start Date", 
       end_date "End Date", days_on_top	"Days on Top" 
FROM z 
WHERE rk=1

Solution #2. Using Subquery to filter the top employee:

WITH x AS ( 
SELECT empno, ename, job, sal, hiredate, 
       MAX(sal)OVER(ORDER BY hiredate) max_sal 
FROM scott.emp  
WHERE job!='PRESIDENT' 
  AND hiredate>=date'1980-01-01'  
), y AS ( 
SELECT empno, ename, job, sal, hiredate start_date,  
       LEAST(date'1981-12-31', 
             LEAD(hiredate) OVER(ORDER BY hiredate)) end_date 
FROM x 
WHERE sal=max_sal 
) 
SELECT empno,ename,job,sal, start_date "Start Date", 
       end_date "End Date", end_date-start_date "Days on Top" 
FROM y 
WHERE end_date-start_date=(SELECT MAX(end_date-start_date) FROM y)

Solution #3. Using MODEL with RETURN UPDATED ROWS to filter the top employee:

WITH e AS ( 
SELECT empno, ename, sal, job, LEAST(hiredate, date'1981-12-31') hiredate,  
       MAX(sal)OVER(ORDER BY hiredate) max_sal 
FROM scott.emp 
WHERE hiredate>=date'1980-01-01'  
  AND job!='PRESIDENT' 
), x AS ( 
SELECT empno, ename, job, sal, hiredate,  
       NVL(LEAD(hiredate)OVER(ORDER BY hiredate),
           date'1981-12-31')-hiredate diff, 
       NVL(LEAD(hiredate)OVER(ORDER BY hiredate),
           date'1981-12-31') end_date 
FROM e 
WHERE sal=max_sal 
) 
SELECT empno, ename, job, sal, hiredate "Start Date", 
       end_date "End Date", diff "Days on Top" 
FROM x 
MODEL RETURN UPDATED ROWS 
DIMENSION BY (empno, RANK()OVER(ORDER BY diff DESC) rk) 
MEASURES(ename,job,sal, hiredate, end_date, diff, 0 dummy) 
RULES(dummy[ANY, 1]=1)

The following query will only work as long as there is only 1 top paid employee who stayed on top the longest. In case if we had more than 1 it would only list one of those:

WITH x AS (
SELECT empno, ename, job, sal, hiredate, 
       MAX(sal)OVER(ORDER BY hiredate) max_sal
FROM scott.emp 
WHERE job!='PRESIDENT'
), y AS (
SELECT empno, ename, job, sal, hiredate start_date, 
 LEAST(date'1981-12-31', 
       LEAD(hiredate) OVER(ORDER BY hiredate)) end_date,
 LEAST(date'1981-12-31', 
       LEAD(hiredate) OVER(ORDER BY hiredate))-hiredate days_top
FROM x
WHERE sal=max_sal
ORDER BY days_top DESC NULLS LAST, hiredate
)
SELECT *
FROM y
WHERE ROWNUM=1

You can execute the above SQL statements in Oracle Live SQL environment.
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Further Reading:

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