Interview Question: Show Odd/Even rows without using any functions and pseudo-columns

Sushil Kumar, Database Developer at JP Morgan Chase & Co, has recently asked me this question on my Facebook group page. My first reaction was: “What a silly question! Of course it is impossible to identify odd and even rows without using functions”. But shortly after that, I realized that this is a great SQL puzzle. It took me about 30 minutes (which is a lot!) to solve it.

Interview Question: Show Odd/Even rows without using any functions and pseudo-columns

Sample Expected Result:

```ENAME           EMPNO   ODD_EVEN
---------- ---------- ----------
MILLER           7934          1
FORD             7902          0
JAMES            7900          1
TURNER           7844          1
KING             7839          0
SCOTT            7788          1
CLARK            7782          0
BLAKE            7698          1
MARTIN           7654          0
JONES            7566          1
WARD             7521          0
ALLEN            7499          1
SMITH            7369          0

--Note: Rows are sorted by empno
```

The idea behind the following solution is quite simple: substitute functions with operators and predicates. Several similar techniques were described in my book Oracle SQL Tricks and Workarounds.

Solution:

```WITH x (ename, empno, odd_even) AS
(
SELECT ename, empno, 1 as odd_even
FROM emp
WHERE empno>=ALL(SELECT empno FROM emp)
UNION ALL
SELECT e.ename, e.empno, 1-odd_even
FROM emp e, x
WHERE e.empno>=ALL(SELECT empno FROM emp WHERE empno<x.empno)
)
SELECT *
FROM x
/

ENAME           EMPNO   ODD_EVEN
---------- ---------- ----------
MILLER           7934          1
FORD             7902          0
JAMES            7900          1
TURNER           7844          1
KING             7839          0
SCOTT            7788          1
CLARK            7782          0
BLAKE            7698          1
MARTIN           7654          0
JONES            7566          1
WARD             7521          0
ALLEN            7499          1
SMITH            7369          0

```

If you like this post, you may want to join my new Oracle group on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/groups/sqlpatterns/

For more tricks and cool techniques check my book “Oracle SQL Tricks and Workarounds” for instructions.